Comparison essay amd vs intel
Throughout personal computer history there has been a monopoly on
processors that company is Intel but that is changing by the day.
There is a processor called AMD (advanced micro devices) currently
leading in the silicon race for the fastest processor at an affordable
price. No longer shall Intel lead the market when AMD makes its name
A CPU is a microprocessor that is generally constructed with millions
of tiny switches called transistors that are imbedded in silicon. The
outer shell is ceramic with gold pins protruding out of the processor
to make a connection with the motherboard. The function of the
processor is to take the data from memory, (a storage device) or an
outside controller like a keyboard, joystick, or scanner. This is
determined in the program by sending messages to the processor in
binary language. Binary language is sent to the processor commanding
the transistors to flip on or off, (on equals one and off equals
zero). The processor is placed on a motherboard with a bus speed of
that to match the processor. This allows the processor to go as fast
as the wires making up the bus can handle. This means the less
resistance in the wire the faster your system can run. The bus is
measured in megahertz (MHz) and is connected to the memory for the
processor to store in memory. The faster the operation can occur the
better the system operates. The CPU has a clock speed that tells you
how many operations can happen in one second. A CPU's clock is found
by multiplying the processor megahertz by 1,000,000. If you have a 500
MHz processor then the operations will equal 500,000,000 per second.
The operation, is the individual commands sent by the program. The
faster the processors bus and clock speed the faster FPU's (floating
point units). This is the mathematical part of the processor. This
allows the binary to work faster.
Now that the processor has been explained. Why is AMD is better? In
the beginning, AMD made CPU's (central processing units) in the second
IBM compatible desktop systems ever developed. There are now three
competitors in the processor race; AMD, Intel, and Transmeta Crusoe.
The relevance of this is that Intel's Processor will still be the most
expensive CPU with no extras. Intel has had problems in the past as
Kam, from the UK says, "It.
. middle of paper.
Networking is a complicated job with older slower computers; the
Athlon is the key to the networking stability. This makes a network
with minimal problems and high-end data pass through possible. There
is a bottleneck theory that is related to memory and networking. In
memory it is caused by having to slow of memory on to fast of a bus.
This will not happen if the AMD Athlon System has PC133 memory.
Intel had programs made by the monopolization of Microsoft Windows
3.1x, 95x, 98x this made it hard for AMD to compete in the past.
Microsoft Windows 2000 will now incorporate programming made to run
windows faster more reliable and be compiled to run better on the
Athlon systems. With Intel out of the way, on top end networking AMD
can pull into the lead in one more area. Listen to what AMD has to say
about this project. "Microsoft and AMD worked together throughout the
design process to help ensure the combination of floating-point
performance of the AMD Athlon processor and Microsoft's Windows 2000
Professional will provide a reliable and high-performance business
platform that meets the needs of business customers today and well
into the future."
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AMD, with its 64 bit processors, gained a huge fan following because of its supreme multitasking and graphic features. Intel, the older player in the field, and the largest semiconductor manufacturer, is the market leader, though AMD does match up to it in almost all aspects. Let's take a look at some comparisons between the two.
AMD and Intel, both manufacture microprocessors based on the x86 architecture. The tussle between these two organizations has probably been the most prolonged war in the computer world. Their corporate rivalry dates back to 1969, with the setting up of the Advanced Micro Devices Corporation, just one year after the establishment of Intel Corporation. In January 1995, both organizations settled whatever litigation they were involved in. However, the two processor giants have been fighting for the supremo title ever since the processor industry came into existence. The biggest point of comparison between the two of them is their architecture. The features that both chips offer are more or less similar, but the approach is different.
AMD Versus INTEL Chips Comparison
When thinking about a processor, you have to take into account the main features that are going to be of interest to you and affect you the most, positively or negatively. While most people would look at the price and speed aspect, there are others who are also interested in the finer aspects like graphics performance, gaming capability, power consumption, and other such related features. To keep it simple, sit back and think what you will be doing the most on your machine, and then go ahead and choose accordingly. Here, to make things simpler, we will compare and contrast both the processors on the various platforms on which they are tested.
Price vs. Performance
When it comes to performance to cost ratio, AMD definitely has the advantage. Its processors were cheaper as compared to Intel and they definitely did provide high value performance. But with the advent of Intel's Quadcore and Core 2 Duo processors, the situation has totally changed. The performance of a quadcore processor is, perhaps, the best in the market, and its price is continuously falling.
When it comes to the overall power consumption of a system, Intel definitely suffered the initial setback. Its Pentium 4 processors had a very bad reputation of being 150W TDP. Intel tried to solve the problem in its Core 2 Duo processor, which goes down to less than 75W TDP. But experiments have still proved that a machine running on an Intel Core 2 Duo processor consumed at least 7W more power than an AMD Sempron.
3D Gaming & Graphics
This is basically the feature that had allowed AMD to hold its own for a long time. Even with no graphics card, AMD's 64 bit processor could take on the load and support the gaming features of advanced games. Intel. however, recovered from its initial setback, because of its multi-threading features. The AMD Athlon 64 bit could beat the Pentium 4 computers in almost all respects when it came to gaming. The introduction of the Quadcore and Core 2 Duo processors did change the scenario. But when it comes to 3D gaming and the quality of graphics, AMD is the clear winner.
MP3 and Video Encoding
AMD's 64 bit processors provided faster encoding of MP3s as well as videos. The reason is simple - a 64 bit processor will, of course, be faster than a 32 bit processor. Intel's 32 bit processors had higher clock frequencies, but while the clock frequency of a 64 bit processor could be less, it worked at almost twice the speed than what was mentioned in its manual. This feature was also combated by Intel with its Core 2 Duo and Quadcore processors. If we do not run experiments to test the minutest details, then both the companies can provide good encoding capability for any average user.
Computers working on Intel's Core 2 Duo processor and Quadcore processors definitely have superior cooling features and better heat sinks, when compared to the AMD machines. Not only this, but the Core 2 Duo processors could reach to a speed of 3.2 GHz on proper cooling.
Office Productivity and Multitasking
Finally, we come down to the basic features that every computer user is worried about - the level of office productivity, Internet browsing speeds, and multitasking that their machine would provide. Just as a 32 bit processor and a 64 bit processor cannot be compared with respect to office productivity; similarly, it is better if we don't compare these processors as well on the level of their office productivity. You cannot actually notice a spreadsheet launching faster on your screen, or your letters being typed faster. Both the organizations are equivalent when compared on the basis of their office productivity. But, coming down to multitasking, AMD, with its 64 bit processors, provided better multitasking features, and none of the Intel's processors, before the launching of the Core 2 Duo processors, could match up to it. But, with the entry of Intel's Core 2 Duo and Quadcore on the scene, we can again consider the situation as being pretty well-balanced.
Before we start discussing the latest products from Intel and AMD, let us recall their previous launches. Cutthroat competition between these two processor giants has always led to the launch of rival products. Intel's Celeron had AMD's Sempron as its competitor, where both had one core each, and the die size was 65nm for Intel and 45nm for AMD. Then came Intel Core 2 Duo with AMD Turion II, that had 2 cores each. There was continuous reduction in die size, and the number of cores increased. 2012 saw the launch of AMD's Bulldozer and Intel's Ivy Bridge. Ivy Bridge processors had reduced die size of 22nm, while AMD stuck to its 32nm die size. 2013 saw the launch of Intel's Haswell processors, while AMD came up with Richland. Let us see these two microarchitecture in more detail.
◊ The successor to the famous Ivy Bridge is Haswell microarchitecture, that was launched in the year 2013. With the launch of this microarchitecture, the process size has reduced to 22nm. This launch was specially designed for convertible or hybrid ultrabooks. Haswell's successor is Broadwell (tick), and Skylake (tock), while its predecessor is Sandy Bridge (tock), and Ivy Bridge (tick).
◊ The power efficiency that this architecture has gained is the biggest single generational gain in the history of processors. The target power consumption changed from 35 - 40 watts to 10 - 20 watts. This power efficiency has been achieved by fitting all the external features on the chip itself, thus reducing the distance traveled for powering a particular feature or port.
◊ As mentioned earlier, this microarchitecture is specially designed for ultrabooks. What makes Haswell suitable for this latest computer range is its battery life. The older Ivy Bridge architecture used to offer less battery life than Haswell, which gives up to nine hours of battery life while in idle state, and about six hours of HD playback, for Windows 8.
◊ The other important feature that makes Haswell stand out, is the fetching 'fresh data' feature. This feature enables the notebook to update mailboxes, social media data, etc. while the computer is in idle state. This means that if you have not used your ultrabook for a couple of days, you need not worry about the updates, Haswell will take care of it. The newly developed sleep states have the ability to be responsive, and also high battery performance.
◊ Graphics is one area that Intel didn't lose out on, with Haswell. This microarchitecture is claimed to be the most powerful graphics core from the manufacturer. The number of execution units has gone up from 16 units in Sandy Bridge to 40 units and 1300 MHz in Haswell. This huge addition of execution units has increased the computational performance of the product. There is an addition of 128MB of eDRAM that acts as a separate L4 cache for both graphics and CPU cores.
◊ The number of cores hasn't changed from the previous launch, which means, Haswell is also quadcore. However, the number of transistors have doubled. With Haswell, Intel has exposed us to another socket, LGA1150. This means that, if you have to upgrade your current computer to Haswell, you will need a whole new motherboard altogether.
◊ The new microarchitecture has incorporated space for six USB 3.0 ports, and there are six SATA ports that have 6Gbps speeds. Despite the small tweaks and minor changes, Haswell architecture cannot match the high standards set for desktop computing. This is the reason why experts believe that Haswell is best suited for mobile applications, where low power and high battery life are the only important features. As far as desktop versions are concerned, Sandy Bridge or Ivy Bridge are still the forerunners.
◊ AMD's answer to Haswell, is Richland, which is based on Piledriver architecture. The products based on this microarchitecture were launched in the 2012. The architecture basically targeted the desktop as well as the mobile market. Piledriver succeeded the Bulldozer architecture, while it is succeeded by Steamroller.
◊ The changes in this microarchitecture are mostly incremental, which means that, the basic module hasn't changed much. The die size of 32nm, also remains the same as the previous versions. With Piledriver, AMD launched the eight, six, and four core versions. However, as mentioned earlier, there isn't much of a change. The transistor count also remains the same at 1.2 billion.
◊ There are improvements made to the branch prediction and integer scheduling feature. Instead of three IGPs, AMD has launched five flip-flops. Piledriver has been measured to have about 8 - 10% improvement in its clock speed, while there is about 15% increase in the performance.
◊ The power consumption of this architecture has been reduced by the usage of hard-edge flip-flops. The Vishera FX-series, that are developed for the Desktop Performance market, is equipped with Turbo Core 3.0, using the existing socket and 900 series motherboard. It was only in 2013 that the FX-9590 and FX-9370 have been launched, which have the maximum turbo speed of 5.0 GHz and 4.7 GHz.
◊ The Richland APUs, which were launched in 2013, have an instant edge over the Intel processors with respect to graphic cores. The discrete Radeon graphics cores are superior to the graphic cores of Haswell. When one looks at the architecture of Richland chips, you find that almost more than 50 percent of the space is occupied by die and system-on-chip (SoC ) peripherals, while the remaining 40 - 50 percent is occupied by 8000-series Radeon graphics.
◊ The A10-6800K is the fastest Richland APU, that has an integrated HD 8670D GPU and two Piledriver modules operating at 4.1 GHz, and 4.4 GHz in turbo mode. There has been an observed 5% increase in the performance of Richland APUs over the Trinity series, due to Richland's higher clock speed and overclocking potential.
Before we end this discussion, let us consider a few more common features that both these processors can handle equivalently. It may not be of much concern to many people, but the processors manufactured by both the organizations support the sharing of the DDR2 RAM, peripherals and video cards equally well. As a computer user, it is in fact not necessary to be a die-hard fan of the chips of either organization. Just wait for the more advanced chip to be launched; it may be from any organization, but you will definitely be the one to benefit.
Shah Newaz Alam
Last Updated: August 30, 2013
Thank you for explaining all the info I have heard about but really never understood. The comparisons are very helpful. - HankySpanky [July 4, 2013]
Send awnser to this adress: testrosaage(a)hotmail. com - Bø [June 29, 2011]
Can i use a amd processor and a intel fan? - Bø [June 29, 2011]
Nice article. I want to design gaming PC. which processor will you recommend. - atul [June 21, 2011]
I know nothing about computers although much of my life is on my computer. I have a 6 1/2 year old Dell desk top with 256k and 32 bit computer. Which I don't really know what that is, except I do know I need a new computer. This article is very helpful to me. I didn't know what the 32 bit was. Now I know! I really need a new computer! I have to buy a refurbished because of cost, and a sales person may just try to talk me into a new one and not listen to my needs. Thank you for your help. - Pat [June 10, 2011]
Thank you for this in debt look at the AMD and the Intel. I was totally satisfied that my computer tech advised to get the Intel over the AMD because the AMB burns out quicker than the Intel. - Bridgette [May 4, 2011]
very helpful, trying to buy new mobile laptop, have had dells for years, bought hp mini w/ atom, took it right back, many decissions to make, thanks - cara [February 13, 2011]
I think i'll go for intel rather AMD processors. - Bernard Debrah [January 25, 2011]
Very balanced article. Thanks for the detailed comparison. - Shyam R [November 27, 2010]
I think, these are the best points over which comparison have been done. i express gratitude for this information. - PRAKASH [October 27, 2010]
nice description but should me more elaborate. - Jyoti Johri [August 24, 2010]
"but Quadcore and Core 2 Duo processors, with their supreme features, have helped Intel to re gain the share of the market that it deserves." Blatantly biased. I immediately discredited everything I had read up to this point. - IceArdor [January 27, 2010]
I think any computer related article should have a clear time stamp on it - when was it written since things change quick. - Toivo [December 17, 2009]
The author tend to favor intel with its Quad and Core 2 duo processors. What time of the decade are you now? Dont you know that there is AMD X2 and AMD's quad-core Opteron 2300 processors? - NoobShit [August 11, 2009]
Update:We've incorporated the latest news, leaks and rumors stemming from AMD's forthcoming Ryzen processors. Read on to find out how the red team could soon pose a serious threat to its main competitor!
There are a lot of moving parts when it comes to PC upkeep. It’s by no means an effortless task, and it only gets more onerous as you consider upgrading the various components. On the bright side, maintaining a PC comes down to little more than a basic understanding of how one works.
Among the most important parts of a computer is the CPU, otherwise known as the processor. If the motherboard is the PC’s skeleton, the CPU is the brains of the operation.
Finding the best processor for your needs is a straightforward process once you determine which brand suits you best: are you an AMD or an Intel junkie? The answer isn’t quiter as simple as whether your prefer the color red or blue.
Like the war waging in the graphics cards space between Nvidia and AMD, the CPU market oversees the rivalry of AMD vs Intel.
Despite biased hearsay, both company’s chips have their own advantages and shortcomings. For example, while AMD’s chips typically boast more cores, the cores that Intel’s CPUs do have are made faster by Hyper-threading.
With AMD due for an imminent upgrade, let’s look at how its Ryzen processors are bound to stack up against Intel’s Kaby Lake chips, which power everything from Microsoft’s Surface range to classically designed gaming PCs such as the Lenovo IdeaCentre Y900 .
Gary Marshall originally contributed to this article
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For bargain shoppers on the prowl for the next hottest deal, the most common misconception is that AMD chips are more affordable than those powered by Intel. Truth be told, this is likely because AMD does its best CPU work at the entry-level, offering very few options that can compete with Intel’s more premium lineups.
An Athlon X4 860K, for instance, boasts a 3.7GHz frequency (4.0GHz with Turbo Boost) for only $70 (about £56, AU$94; as of this writing) on Amazon. For a quad-core processor, that's not a bad deal as long as you aren't expecting much in terms of integrated graphics performance.
If you want, though, you can get something like the AMD A6-5400K for only about $40 (about £27, AU$55; as of this writing) on Amazon. However, you could say the same about Intel's comparable Celeron series.
The truth is that both Intel and AMD processors typically retail at about the same price; AMD is only known for being cheaper because its chips aren't nearly as commonplace once you hit that exorbitant $200 mark.
This could all change once Ryzen strikes down as the forthcoming AMD lineup will range from quad- to octo-core offerings, according to leaks published by Wccftech. with the latter creeping up on the $389 (around £310, AU$510) mark.
The Ryzen 7 1700X, as it’s called, is purportedly targeting Intel’s Broadwell-E i7 6900K chip, outpacing it in terms of performance for roughly a third of the cost.
With that in mind, CPU pricing fluctuates constantly. Wait a few months after launch, and you'll quickly discover that the Intel Core i7-6800K you were eyeing has dropped well below market value. Still, patience is a virtue easier said than followed – especially when you're distracted by the prospect of shiny, next-gen processors touching down within a couple months.
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If you want the best of the best performance with little regard for price, then turn your head towards Intel. Not only does the Santa Clara chipmaker rank consistently better in CPU benchmarks, but Intel's processors draw less heat as well, blessing them with lower TDP (thermal design point) ratings across the board.
Much of this is owed to Intel's implementation of hyperthreading, which has been incorporated in its CPUs since 2002. Hyper-threading keeps existing cores active rather than letting any of them remain unproductive.
AMD, on the other hand, historically takes pride in its focus on increasing the number of cores in its chips. On paper, this would make AMD's chips faster than Intel's, if it weren't for the hugely negative impact on heat dissipation. This could all change as we near the release of AMD’s Ryzen architecture (previously just Zen), some examples of which bench significantly better than Intel’s finest.
While cooling an Intel processor is a rather straightforward process, because AMD likes to shove as many cores as possible into a single processing unit, its chips tend to run hotter much to the discomfort of affordable cooling solutions. (As a result, you could say this makes AMD chips equally as or more expensive than their Intel counterparts.)
Take AMD's $229 (about £187, AU$317; as of this writing) FX 9590 for example. It clocks in at 4.7GHz, or 5.0GHz with AMD Overdrive installed. Oh, and did we mention it has eight cores?
That's twice the number of cores bolstered by the Core i7-6700K. But, according to PCMark tests conducted over at CPUBoss. Intel's rigid beast still comes out on top in terms of overall performance.
It’s only a matter of time, though, before Intel and AMD reach some level of parity, especially as certain Ryzen models bearing the XFR (eXtended Frequency Range) moniker will offer improved performance as an incentive for keeping temperatures low. Ergo, the better your cooler, the faster your PC will fly.
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If you're building a gaming PC, truthfully you should be using a discrete graphics card rather than relying on a CPU’s integrated graphics to run games as demanding as The Witcher 3. Even though we're finally reaching a point where Intel graphics are powerful enough to run Overwatch without a graphics card, there's no denying the wide-open space for improvement.
Be that as it may, if all you're looking to do is play League of Legends at modest settings or relive your childhood with a hard drive full of emulators (it's okay, we won't tell), the latest Intel Skylake, imminent Kaby Lake or AMD A-Series APU processors will likely fare just as well as any top-end graphics card.
At one time, for low to mid-tier gaming, AMD's Radeon chips were far superior to anything offered by Intel. With the arrival of Intel's Iris Pro graphics, however, that sentiment is becoming more and more refutable. This position is only legitimized by the comparatively lower gaming performance produced by AMD’s leaked Ryzen chips.
On the high end, such as in cases where you'll be pairing your CPU with a powerful AMD or Nvidia GPU, an Intel processor is the better option. In this case, using an Intel Core i3 or i5 CPU rather than an AMD equivalent can make the difference between 15 and 30 frames per second.
While there is no clear winner in the graphics department, survey says AMD is the better option for integrated graphics (for now), while Intel works best when coupled with a GPU.
Prev Page 4 of 6 Next Prev Page 4 of 6 NextOverclocking
When you buy a new computer or even just a CPU, it's typically locked at a specific clock speed as indicated on the box. Some processors ship unlocked, allowing for higher clock speeds than recommended by the manufacturer, giving users more control over how they use their components (though, it does require some precautionary expertise ).
AMD is normally more generous than Intel in this regard. With an AMD system, you can get more juice out of a mid-range, A-series APU for a modest price. Save for the $67 (around £53, $90) Pentium G3258, Intel's easily overclockable, unlocked configurations don't start until at least the $200 (£200, AU$300) range, beginning with the Core i5-6600K.
The unlocked chips Intel does offer, however, are delightfully faster than their AMD counterparts. If you're shopping on a budget, AMD offers the most bang for your buck in terms of overclocking, assuming you know what you're doing.
In the case of Intel’s forthcoming Core i7-7700K Kaby Lake processor, that means up to 7GHz, according to HotHardware. Again, if you know what you’re doing. Where money is no object, Intel's exhibits the best clock speeds around with its unlocked CPUs.
Prev Page 5 of 6 Next Prev Page 5 of 6 NextAvailability and support
In the end, the biggest problem with AMD processors is the lack of compatibility with other components. Specifically, motherboard (mobo) options are limited as a result of the differing sockets between AMD and Intel chips.
Although the latest news from Videocardz would have us believe that a massive wave of Ryzen-compatible motherboards is about to hit, the fact of the matter is, Intel motherboards are frankly more commonplace than AMD.
Even so, AMD's chips make a little more sense from a hardware design perspective. With an AMD motherboard, rather than having metal connector pins on the CPU socket, you'll notice those pins are instead on the underside of the CPU itself.
Not only is your PC less likely to malfunction due to faulty motherboard pins, but the processors themselves may even take up less space within said mobo. If a report from EE Times is to be believed, quad-core Ryzen CPUs are looking to be 10% smaller than their Skylake counterparts.
Nevertheless, deciding on a CPU is ultimately up to personal preference. Where an Intel processor shines most when married to one of the best graphics cards. AMD's chips are surprisingly capable without a discrete GPU. In some cases that's all you need; in others. not so much.
Which brand of processor works better for you: Intel or AMD? Let us know in the comments below.
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