Joseph Addison Essays Summary Of Romeo - Essay for you

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Joseph Addison Essays Summary Of Romeo

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Genius, an essay by Joseph Addison

—Cui mens divinior, atque os Magna sonaturum des nominis hujus honorem.

On him confer the poet’s sacred name, Whose lofty voice declares the heavenly flame.

There is no character more frequently given to a writer than that of being a genius. I have heard many a little sonneteer called a fine genius. There is not a heroic scribbler in the nation that has not his admirers who think him a great genius; and as for your smatterers in tragedy, there is scarce a man among them who is not cried up by one or other for a prodigious genius.

My design in this paper is to consider what is properly a great genius, and to throw some thoughts together on so uncommon a subject.

Among great geniuses those few draw the admiration of all the world upon them, and stand up as the prodigies of mankind, who, by the mere strength of natural parts, and without any assistance of art or learning, have produced works that were the delight of their own times and the wonder of posterity. There appears something nobly wild and extravagant in these great natural geniuses, that is infinitely more beautiful than all turn and polishing of what the French call a bel esprit, by which they would express a genius refined by conversation, reflection, and the reading of the most polite authors. The greatest genius which runs through the arts and sciences takes a kind of tincture from them and falls unavoidably into imitation.

Many of these great natural geniuses, that were never disciplined and broken by rules of art, are to be found among the ancients, and in particular among those of the more Eastern parts of the world. Homer has innumerable flights that Virgil was not able to reach, and in the Old Testament we find several passages more elevated and sublime than any in Homer. At the same time that we allow a greater and more daring genius to the ancients, we must own that the greatest of them very much failed in, or, if you will, that they were much above the nicety and correctness of the moderns. In their similitudes and allusions, provided there was a likeness, they did not much trouble themselves about the decency of the comparison: thus Solomon resembles the nose of his beloved to the tower of Lebanon which looketh towards Damascus, as the coming of a thief in the night is a similitude of the same kind in the New Testament. It would be endless to make collections of this nature. Homer illustrates one of his heroes encompassed with the enemy, by an ass in a field of corn that has his sides belaboured by all the boys of the village without stirring a foot for it; and another of them tossing to and fro in his bed, and burning with resentment, to a piece of flesh broiled on the coals. This particular failure in the ancients opens a large field of raillery to the little wits, who can laugh at an indecency, but not relish the sublime in these sorts of writings. The present Emperor of Persia, conformable to this Eastern way of thinking, amidst a great many pompous titles, denominates himself “the sun of glory” and “the nutmeg of delight.” In short, to cut off all cavilling against the ancients, and particularly those of the warmer climates, who had most heat and life in their imaginations, we are to consider that the rule of observing what the French call the bienseance in an allusion has been found out of later years, and in the colder regions of the world, where we could make some amends for our want of force and spirit by a scrupulous nicety and exactness in our compositions. Our countryman Shakespeare was a remarkable instance of this first kind of great geniuses.

I cannot quit this head without observing that Pindar was a great genius of the first class, who was hurried on by a natural fire and impetuosity to vast conceptions of things and noble sallies of imagination. At the same time can anything be more ridiculous than for men of a sober and moderate fancy to imitate this poet’s way of writing in those monstrous compositions which go among us under the name of Pindarics? When I see people copying works which, as Horace has represented them, are singular in their kind, and inimitable; when I see men following irregularities by rule, and by the little tricks of art straining after the most unbounded flights of nature, I cannot but apply to them that passage in Terence:

—Incerta hæc si tu postules Ratione certâ facere, nihilo plus agas Quâm si des operam, ut cum ratione insanias.

Eun. Act I. Sc. 1, I. 16.

You may as well pretend to be mad and in your senses at the same time, as to think of reducing these uncertain things to any certainty by reason.

In short, a modern Pindaric writer compared with Pindar is like a sister among the Camisars compared with Virgil’s Sibyl; there is the distortion, grimace, and outward figure, but nothing of that divine impulse which raises the mind above itself, and makes the sounds more than human.

There is another kind of great geniuses which I shall place in a second class, not as I think them inferior to the first, but only for distinction’s sake, as they are of a different kind. This second class of great geniuses are those that have formed themselves by rules, and submitted the greatness of their natural talents to the corrections and restraints of art. Such among the Greeks were Plato and Aristotle; among the Romans, Virgil and Tully; among the English, Milton and Sir Francis Bacon.

The genius in both these classes of authors may be equally great, but shows itself after a different manner. In the first it is like a rich soil in a happy climate, that produces a whole wilderness of noble plants rising in a thousand beautiful landscapes without any certain order or regularity; in the other it is the same rich soil, under the same happy climate, that has been laid out in walks and parterres, and cut into shape and beauty by the skill of the gardener.

The great danger in these latter kind of geniuses is lest they cramp their own abilities too much by imitation, and form themselves altogether upon models, without giving the full play to their own natural parts. An imitation of the best authors is not to compare with a good original; and I believe we may observe that very few writers make an extraordinary figure in the world who have not something in their way of thinking or expressing themselves, that is peculiar to them, and entirely their own.

It is odd to consider what great geniuses are sometimes thrown away upon trifles.

“I once saw a shepherd,” says a famous Italian author, “who used to divert himself in his solitudes with tossing up eggs and catching them again without breaking them; in which he had arrived to so great a degree of perfection that he would keep up four at a time for several minutes together playing in the air, and falling into his hand by turns. I think,” says the author, “I never saw a greater severity than in this man’s face, for by his wonderful perseverance and application he had contracted the seriousness and gravity of a privy councillor, and I could not but reflect with myself that the same assiduity and attention, had they been rightly applied, ‘might’ have made a greater mathematician than Archimedes.”

"Genius" is reprinted from Essays and Tales. Joseph Addison. London: Cassell and Company, 1901.

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Analysis and Summary of The Spectator by Joseph Addison

Analysis and Summary of The Spectator by Joseph Addison

The Spectator Magazine 18 September 2010 Front Cover. The Original magazine (and what I talk about in this hub) was first published in 1711. | Source

Joseph Addison’s character clearly lives during the eighteenth century when people did not know or care much about the events in the outside world. As noted in the diary, Addison’s character lived a life that was centered on his daily routine of waking up, going to the coffee shop… As a satirist. Addison uses a typical ignorant man who is an imbecile caught up in his normal affairs and a society that is just as ignorant as he is. Joseph Addison’s satiric purposes is served when all will read the diary of a foolish man and the bland society he lives in, and know the petty issues they concern themselves with. Both the diarist and everyone those who surround him are not better than him because they are an integral part of his boring life.

The minute detail given by the diarist about his lackluster life shows how much attention he pays to it. The dry and apathetic tone of the diarist throughout the passage reveals his apathy regarding matters that happen outside his realm. The character wakes up at eight, puts on his clothes, smokes his pipes, walks to the fields, goes to Mr. Nisby’s club, eats his sumptuous lunch and dinner and goes back to retire. Addison repeats what the diarist does and record everyday because it is the same boring thing. Details such as “double soled shoes” and “nap broke by the falling of a pewter dish” shows the diarist as one who cares too much about small things. This is satiric because while a great political leader is dead, the diarist is too busy with” purl” and sleep to bother about anything. Addison is teasing the diarist to show the crowd what an imbecile he is when he cares about every single aspect of his life and nothing further than that.

The diarist is not alone as the society is equally foolish by continuing in its daily routines. Society also is just like the diarist because the diarist is one of the many ignorant fools who make up society. Therefore the tone by which society is represented is just as lackluster, apathetic and boring. Every day the diarist goes to Mr. Nisby’s club from six o’ clock till ten o’ clock keeping a very regular pattern of both Mr. Nisby’s and the diarist’s life. Mr. Nisby accurately represents the working class society. The society is ignorant and sees the death of the Grand Vizier as another occurrence in the world. An example of society’s disregard to the outside world is seen when a stranger asked the diarist for the stock prices. No one cares about the Grand Vizier but only of the stock prices. This goes to show society was selfish. Addison’s passage portrays society as being ignorant and too overwhelmed in their daily affairs to care or bother about anything except matters that concern them.

Addison’s attention to detail about the simplistic activities of the diarist describes him as a simpleton. The society in which he lives is equally monotonous as well. The characterization of the diarist as a simpleton serves Addison’s satiric purpose because he wants to show the events beyond the daily routine. There are Grand Viziers that are present in far away empires that are dead and one should possess the knowledge about them. Addison is teasing the diarist and all those who are like him because they were not interested in politics and knowledge of the outside world.

The diarist was an apathetic individual because of the society he lived in and the society was ignorant because of individuals like the diarist. Addison’s purpose is to show the crowd that on should be more concerned about the “last leg of mutton.” The Sultans and Grand Viziers are outside the box of daily routines and it is everyone’s responsibility to be knowledgeable about the times and events that take place during their lives.

Romeo And Juliet Summary Essay

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romeo and juliet summarys
Paris asks Capulet for his daughter Juliet’s hand in marriage. Capulet replies that she is still too young to be married, but then invites Paris to try to woo her.

Act I, Sc i In this scene Sampson and Gregory challenge Abraham and Balthasar to a duel. Abraham enters and sees Sampson biting his thumb and they then duel. It is broken up when several officers enter and tell them to cease fighting. Lord Capulet then asks Lady Capulet for his sword to fight Lord Montague, she laughs at him and they exit the scene. We then enter Romeos room and see he and his cousin Benvolio talking

Summary of Romeo and Juliet
Romeo & Juliet Romeo and Juliet is one of Shakespeare's plays about tragedy. It is about two lovers who commit suicide when their feuding famillies prevent them from being together.

of Romeos lost love, Rosaline, and how Romeo is sad and spends most of his day sleeping. Act I, Sc ii During scene ii the Lord Capulet and Prince Paris discuss the marriage of Juliet and how Paris would like to wed her as soon as possible. We then see Romeo and Benvolio talking with the servant who is to deliver the invitations to the upcoming ball, Benvolio and Romeo plan to go to the dance in disguise. Benvolio convinces

Summary of Romeo and Juliet
Scene 1 Act 1:Scene one opens with a fight on the streets of Verona between servants from the Montague and Capulet households. While attempting to stop the fight, Benvolio is.

Romeo he will forget all about Rosaline once he sees how beautiful Juliet is. Act I, Sc iii In this scene Lady Capulet consults Juliet about Paris urge to marry her. The Nurse then begins to ramble on about how she raised Juliet and that Juliet is to young to be wed. Lady Capulet tells the Nurse to be quiet and Juliet then states that she isn t of age for marriage yet. Act I, Sc iv During scene

Summary Of Romeo And Juliet
Romeo & Juliet Romeo and Juliet is one of Shakespeare's plays about tragedy. It is about two lovers who commit suicide when their feuding famillies prevent them from being together.

iv Romeo, Mercutio, and Benvolio plot their entrance into the ball and they decide not to make their appearance known and are going to enter by stealth. Before they enter Mercutio talks about who has what kind of dreams and Romeo becomes angered and tells him to stop talking nonsense. Act I, Sc v In scene v Tybalt overhears Romeo speaking with a servant about how gorgeous Juliet is. Tybalt becomes outraged and demands for his sword, Tybalt

Romeo And Juliet Summarys
Paris asks Capulet for his daughter Juliet’s hand in marriage. Capulet replies that she is still too young to be married, but then invites Paris to try to woo her.

then speaks with Lord Capulet and he on the hand is quite nonchalant about it and doesn t seem to mind it much, he tells Tybalt to cool off and leave Romeo alone for the time being. Romeo and Juliet then dance, they flirt and Romeo kisses her and she states that she liked it and asks for more. It is then time to leave and Juliet and the Nurse exit the scene to Juliet s room, while Romeo and

Romeo And Juliet: A Concise Summary!
The story is, of course, about a pair of star-crossed lovers. Two teenagers pursue their love for each other despite the fact that their families have been at odds.

the maskers go outside. Act II, Sc i In the first Scene of Act II Romeo, in an attempt to talk with Juliet jumps over the orchard

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